Republic of Moldova

The Republic of Moldova is a country located in Eastern Europe, neighbouring Ukraine to the east and Romania to the west. Due to its geographical position, the Republic of Moldova is characterized by a temperate climate, with short winters and long summers.
Standard official time: EET (UTC + 2)Official summer time: EEST (UTC + 3)

The landscapes of Moldova

The landscapes of Moldova vary considerably, from the endless steppes in the east and the forested hills in the central part to the vast Bugeac Steppe in the south. The diversity of natural and anthropic tourism potential, the quality vineyards and wines, the authentic culture, hospitality, ancestral traditions and customs are the attractions for which the Republic of Moldova is a sought-after tourist destination. In its medieval fortresses, preserved for centuries, visitors can virtually travel to the glorious past of the country, moving on to discover the Moldovan spiritual world in the monastic complexes included in the national tourist circuit.
The biggest city:
Chișinău
Surface:
(139th place in the world)
Population (2017):
3.473.900
Highest point:
Balăneşti Hill (430 m)
Codru Valul lui Traian Ștefan Vodă

The wine growing regions of Moldova

Codru
Light and aerated soils. Fragmented relief: valleys, hills, ravines, forests and many small rivers. The region has a mild climate, moderate rainfall. It is located in the central part of the country, covered by 61,200 ha of vineyards. Oak and linden forests represent 25% of the territory, influencing the microclimate in the region. This area is favourable for the cultivation of grape varieties for white wines (Feteasca Albă, Muscat Ottonel, Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay etc.), elegant red wines and sparkling wines. The famous underground cellars "Cricova" and "Mileștii Mici" are located in this region. Their hundreds-kilometre-long galleries include spaces for storing over 2 million bottles of wine.

The wine growing regions of Moldova

THE TRAIAN VALLEY
A well-aerated, light soil with limited productivity. The climate provides exceptional conditions for ripening, being influenced by the Black Sea and the forests of the Tigheci hill. There are three sub-areas: the Tigheci hill, the Bugeac step and the Prut terraces. It includes forests, steppes, plains and plateaus, covered with 43,203 ha of vineyards. It lies between the two Trajan Walls, which once protected the Roman Empire from barbarians. The region specializes in the production of red wines (60%), the region is also known for its liqueur wines. One of the main characteristics of winemaking in the area is the use of local varieties, such as Feteasca Albă and Feteasca Regală, which give the final product fruity and typical floral notes, a fresh and lively taste.

The wine growing regions of Moldova

Ștefan Vodă
Cernoziom and brown podzolic soils, rich in humus and microelements. The wine region is located in the southeast of Moldova, at a low altitude, which includes terraces along the Dniester River, plains and hills. The climate zone is influenced by the Black Sea and the Dniester River. The aquatic surface forms a microclimate suitable for growing vines, especially red varieties. The 10,000 hectares of vineyards produce balanced wines with vibrant bouquets and unique features. Rara Neagră is an indigenous variety used to make the "Negru de Purcari" wine. Other European grape varieties that have adapted perfectly to this terroir are Feteasca Neagră, Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Chardonnay etc.
The Vine growing Supply

The Vine-growing Supply in
Moldova

The Moldovan viticulture follows international trends, presenting varieties of western European, Caucasian origin, but also native varieties. The vineyards cover an area of ​​112 thousand hectares planted with Vitis Vinifera, of which 70% are white varieties (Rkatsiteli, Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Aligote etc.), predominantly in the Codru area, and 30% - red varieties (Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Saperavi, etc.) typical for the southern regions. Aromatic varieties represent over 36% of the vineyards.
The authenticity and uniqueness of Moldovan wines is conferred by the local varieties Feteasca Albă, Feteasca Regală, Feteasca Neagră, Rara Neagră, etc., which constitute 5% of the wine-growing areas. The surface of these vineyards is continuously increasing, based on the increase of international interest and due to government programs.
Total surface of the Vinyards
132 000 000 ha
85%
of European varieties
10%
of Caucasian varieties
5%
of native varieties
Types of wines

Feteasca neagră

With a history of over 2000 years, the grape variety originates from Moldova, in the Prut river valley. The wine fascinates with the complexity of the bouquet, with berries, sweet and sour cherry jam aromas with a long and fruity aftertaste.
Types of wines

Feteasca albă

It has been cultivated for centuries in the region. The wines are elegant, with floral aromas, light and fresh. Another native grape variety, Feteasca Regala was created through a natural combining with the Furmint grape variety.
Types of wines

Feteasca regală

The Feteasca Regală wines are dry and fresh, retaining elegant aromas of rose, wildflowers, dried apricots and almonds. It's a white grape variety, obtained from the combining of the Grasă and Feteasca Albă varieties.
Types of wines

Rara neagră

Cultivated as early as the Geto-Dacian period, the grape variety is perfectly adapted to the warm slopes of southern Moldova. The wine offers an accentuated freshness and a velvety taste with hints of dried fruit and vanilla.